Colour Theory

The history of paints and dyes

Natural products

Congenial – Red

Carbon black – black 

Red ocher – Red

Lapis lazuli – blue

 

The Ernest Lidgren “The dawn of Technicolour” lecture

Kodachrome

Johannes Ittens – Weimar Bauhaus

Luscher colour text

THE COLOUR BOOM

1960s the start of painting onto non-natural fibres!! Dulux colour palettes

 

What affects the way be perceive colour?

Our pretentious or upbringing

Culture

Geography

Age

Sex

Politics

Social class

Etc
Cultural colours, using the colours of the country

“It expresses the spirit of our times”

A library of visual association

Which develops our personal palette

Colour is very emotive

Can lead to psychological manipulation. Like boxes painted black seem to be heavier, boxes seem light when painted white

People rush in toilets when they are painted red

 


RED

pexels-photo-880627.jpegRed is the longest wavelength

“It’s inside out, red”

An intense colour that

Love and passion

Blood and warfare

Danger and vigour

A long history in all civilisations

Red soil

 

Associations

Anger

Warm

Energizer

Stimulant

Increases circulation

The devil

Anxious

compulsive

Fire

Exciting

Mass response

Revolution

Change

Grounding

Earthing

War Gods

Ritual

Love

Leader – advancing towards us

Sex

Power

Lust

Birth

Chinese – marriage, lust, crime, red-eyed beast of jealousy

If you need to notice anything it’s red – warning, emergency

Boosts attraction – usually at their point of being most fertile

Anyone in a red dress – to follow that person, even in a subdued palette

purple – red

Magical

Cooler

Strength

Vitality

People in red uniforms do better than people in blue

RED BLACK WHITE – nazis and how they came to power through this colour use

“Bright red is like visual caffeine”

RED AND BLUE ARE THE MOST POWERFUL

Psychology

Red lips – aroused

Blood

Worn by people who want to get noticed, get a job

Scarlet women

Courtship 

Blood pressure, brain waves are simulated, heart rate – Swedish study

A red room looks smaller

Fast food – speeds you up but red makes you angry

Tenderness, success and excitement

Practical and ambitious

Volatile  

A dislike of red means a distaste in life.

 

PINK

pexels-photo-414660.jpeg

WWII – a whole warship that would blend into the sunset

Associations

Light pink – feminine, soft, motherly, very calming, immaturity

Innocence

Romantic

tranquil
Dark pink – tacky

Absurd

Funny

Calming

Brash

Cartoony

Hyper real

Hidden volatility

 

ORANGE

pexels-photo-268976.jpeg

No natural source – usually a mix

Associations

Draw attention

Appetite

Youthful

Change in the seasons

Sunsets

Warm

Welcoming

Vitality

Children

Joy

Happiness

Balance between physical and mental

Good for helping depression – opposite of blue

Knowledge

Humility

Your core

For some signs for danger, but not as bad as red

Fearful

Highly visible

Feminine energy

Cheerful

Talkative

Love

Pensive

Disapproving – Clarks and Jews had to wear this colour historically as they were the lower class

Good to prevent exhaustion

Unsettling

Makes people happier or more cheerful

GRAND BUDAPEST HOTEL

MR TURNER

PHANTOM THREAD

Extremes – beautiful sunsets or toxic pollution

Breaking bad – as they become more toxic their environment becomes more toxic

 

 

YELLOW

“She pin’d in thought and with green and yellow melancholy, she sat like patience on a monument, smiling at grief.” Twelfth Night, William Shakespeare

pexels-photo-122458.jpeg

Associations

Gold and blonde

Sun

Life source

Cheerfulness

Empiral colour in chinese

Yellow and black hazardous taken from nature

Illness

Infection

Toxic

Fear

Mad men

Fool

Traitors

Treason

Used in the paintings of the mentally ill

Well liked by the mentally handicapped

A desire of change

Restless in the pursuit of happiness

Concentration

Studying

Kitchens and bathrooms

It’s very hard on the eyes

Can cause anxiety

Good for treating skin disorders

JANE EYRE

Innocence

New begins

Times of change

The hope for something new

Joy

Warning

Caution

Toxic

Happiness

Obsession

Pastel – elegant

Golden hues

Luxury

Enhances appetite

 

GREEN

“The sign of a subtle artist temperament”

pexels-photo-413195.jpeg

Associations

Earth

Nature

Good for meditation

The colour of harmony

Ecological

Green eye of jealousy

Calming – green rooms

Good for gold framings

Youth

Naive

Other worldliness

Toxic

Liquid green – poisonous

Evil

Life

Renewal

Inexperience

Crisp

Environmental

Health

Money

Healing

 

PURPLE

pexels-photo-355762.jpeg

Associations

Spiritual

Clergy

Godly

Royalty

Corruption

Chocolate

Witchcraft

Something or someone being transformed

Luxury

Mystical

The colours of death

Dream like

Charm

Sensitive

High ideals

Dreamer

Energizer

Provide inspiration

Most dislike environment in Sweden

Warm and cool depends on the hue

Ceremony

Fantasy

The opposite of gold, which is why it was probably associated with royalty

The psychology

Associated ritual, spiritual

 

BLUE

pexels-photo-281260.jpeg

Associations

Air

Sky

Vast void

The gods

The powers

Used in religious paintings

Eternity

“Hilmen”

Coolness

Universal colour

Global companies

Hero

Wisdom

Authority

Spirituality

Truth

Calm

Rest

Contemptment

Order

Peace

Cool

Detached

Trust

Exotic

Sadness

Control

Formal

Rules

Success

Dignified

 

Psychology

Anonymous

Receding

Working uniform for all social statuses

Will be committed in a relationship

Makes rooms larger and cooler

People become passive

It makes people think and not to act

Powerless

Openness

Interaction

 

BLACK

a non colour

pexels-photo-255347.png

Associations

Despair

Devious

Rare in nature

No black flowers

Coal

Dead or decomposition

Black ravens

Squid

Negative

Rejection

Moarning

Death

Dates back to the Romans – as moarning

Sadness

Evil

Noble people

Concealing identity

Black cats are sacred in Ancient Egypt

Disliked

Ultimate surrender

Rebellion

Saying NO

Anarchy

Obscures individuality

Classic

Menis

Power

Authority

Conservity

Simplicity

Shadow

 

WHITE

All the colours

pexels-photo-403575.jpeg

Associations

“Magnolia melancholia” – JAMIE T

Purity

Fear

Determination

Light

Absence

Heavenly

Spheres

Innocence

Virginity

Death of an old life and birth of a new life

Used for mourning

Nirvana

Peace

Cleanliness

 

It’s a good plain background

The shadows will be blue

 

 

GREY

Rarely found in nature

TV grey – the contrast becomes too high if there is a pure white background.

pexels-photo.jpg

Associations

Concrete, metal and cement

Neutral and cool

Good to project onto

A really good background

IF THE BLACKS OR WHITES DON’T MATCH USE GREY

Practice

Sombere

Stable

Formal

Electronic

 

BROWN

pexels-photo-326311.jpeg

Associations

Nature

Wood

Utility

Shit

Opulence

 

GOLD

pexels-photo-751374.jpeg

Associations

The sun

Divine power

Luxury goods

 

SILVER

pexels-photo-827062.jpeg

Associations

Futuristic

The moon

Space race

 

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